Created in 2000 to provide an improved development experience over pure Java Server Pages (JSP) utilization, Apache Struts 1 soon became the de-facto standard for Java-based Web application development. Numerous companies world-wide adopted Struts 1 as a strategic platform, even after JSF (Java Server Faces) was introduced as a standardized Java EE framework for Web application development. Its popularity was so prevalent in the early 2000s, most job offerings in the space of Java-based Web technology required Struts 1 as a must-have skill.
Today, many important Websites and Web-based user interfaces continue to rely on Struts 1 technology. In addition, many popular Web frameworks, such as Spring MVC and WebWork, were significantly inspired by Struts 1.
WHEN: The Apache Struts Project Management Committee is not aware of any urgent issues posing the immediate need to eliminate Struts 1 usage. However, the project’s EOL status signifies that security and bug fixes will no longer be provided effective immediately.
The Apache Struts project recommends new projects to be developed using Struts 2 as opposed to Struts 1. While any action-based Java web framework is a potential candidate to re-use Struts 1 architectural experience or migrate existing Struts-1-based applications, users are highly advised to investigate Struts 2 as a successor framework.
WHY: Struts 2 is modern, highly decoupled, feature rich, well maintained, and successfully running in many mission-critical projects globally. It shares the same basic principles with Struts 1, and offers a highly improved architecture, API, and solution portfolio.
WHERE: The last release of Apache Struts 1 is version 1.3.10 from December 2008. All software downloads, notices, and updates are available at the Apache Struts project homepage at http://struts.apache.org/ .
NEXT STEPS: The Struts community continues its focus on pushing the Apache Struts 2 framework forward, with as many as 23 releases to date.
Availability and Oversight
Apache Struts software is released under the Apache License v2.0, and is overseen by a self-selected team of active contributors to the project. A Project Management Committee (PMC) guides the Project’s day-to-day operations, including community development and product releases. Apache Struts source code, documentation, mailing lists, and related resources are available at http://struts.apache.org/.
About The Apache Software Foundation (ASF)
Established in 1999, the all-volunteer Foundation oversees nearly one hundred fifty leading Open Source projects, including Apache HTTP Server — the world’s most popular Web server software. Through the ASF’s meritocratic process known as “The Apache Way”, more than 400 individual Members and 3,500 Committers successfully collaborate to develop freely available enterprise-grade software, benefiting millions of users worldwide: thousands of software solutions are distributed under the Apache License; and the community actively participates in ASF mailing lists, mentoring initiatives, and ApacheCon, the Foundation’s official user conference, trainings, and expo. The ASF is a US 501(3)(c) not-for-profit charity, funded by individual donations and corporate sponsors including AMD, Basis Technology, Citrix, Cloudera, Facebook, Go Daddy, Google, HP, Hortonworks, Huawei, IBM, InMotion Hosting, Matt Mullenweg, Microsoft, PSW Group, SpringSource/VMware, WANdisco, and Yahoo!. For more information, visit http://www.apache.org/ or follow @TheASF on Twitter.
“Apache”, “Struts”, “Apache Struts”, and “ApacheCon” are registered trademarks or trademarks of the Apache Software Foundation in the United States and/or other countries. All other brands and trademarks are the property of their respective owners.